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Mumbai Parks and Gardens

Mumbai Parks And Gardens

Mumbai is dotted with parks and gardens, which offer a breathing space as well as doll up the bustling city of Maharashtra. Amidst elevated towers and buildings, lush green parks provide a retreat to the city-dwellers. Moreover, foliage always helps to purify the air and keep the pollution under control. It’s an easy place to get some relief from stressful life in the lap of nature. The peaceful environment of Bombay gardens offers a nice place, where one can hangout and spend time. Being located in the largest metropolitan of India, these parks & gardens are well-laid out and designed with brilliance. Scroll down to know more about Mumbai gardens and parks. 

Victoria Gardens

Location: Byculla, Mumbai
Attractions: Zoo, Victoria & Albert Museum
How to Reach: One can easily reach Victoria Gardens by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Rani Jijamata Udyaan is a well-laid out garden in the Byculla area of Mumbai. Formerly called Victoria Gardens, the garden was established in 1861. On its very entrance, a huge clock tower, reminiscent of Italian Renaissance architecture, will greet you. Its lush greenery brags of various plants and trees, which make the environment serene and beautiful to see. Spread over an area of 48 acres, Rani Jijamata Udyaan is centrally located in Mumbai, the erstwhile Bombay.

Jijamata Udyan is popularly called Rani Bagh and it also comprises the renowned Victoria and Albert Museum (now renamed as Bhau Daji Lad Museum), within its limits. This museum is known for its awesome collection of archeological findings. To its east, there is a colossal figure of an elephant that was actually brought from Elephanta Caves. What’s more, Victoria Gardens has always been popular amongst the children, due to the fact it houses the city’s own zoo.

The zoo in Victoria Gardens houses several species of animals and birds that have been declared as endangered. Here, you can enjoy a ride on the back of an elephant, while spotting different animals from a closer range. Victoria Garden also has a well-laid out botanical garden, which encompasses rare species of plants that have been preserved for studies and research. On you trip to the fun-filled city of Mumbai, make sure to take a stroll in the lush gardens of Rani Jijamata Udyaan.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Location: Northern suburbs of Mumbai
Established In: 1969
Area: 104 sq km
Attraction: Rich flora and fauna, picturesque surroundings
How to Reach: One can easily reach Sanjay Gandhi Park by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is acclaimed to be an exclusive and largest park in the world to be located within city limits. Earlier called Borivali National Park, the wildlife haven was initially intended to be a natural retreat outside Mumbai. Over the years, the park got into the periphery of the growing city. Sited on the north of Bombay, the wildlife asylum is managed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, a governing body of Government of India. Spread in an area of 104 sq km, the park is delimited by the Island City on its three sides.

With 2 million (approx) visitors every year, perhaps it is the most visited national park in the Asia. It also houses the ancient Kanheri Caves crafted out of rocky cliffs, which dates back to 2,400 years. Evidences reveal that the park had been present during the 4th century BC. In its close vicinity, there were two ports by the names of Sopara and Kalyan that used to trade with places like Greece and Mesopotamia. The route between these two ports traverses from this park. In the pre-independence era, it was named Krishnagiri National Park.

In 1969, the Park enclosed an area of mere 20.26 sq km and then various properties adjoining the park were acquired to obtain the present area. Later, it was named Borivali National Park after the adjoining area of Borivali. In 1981, the park was christened Sanjay Gandhi National Park, after Sanjay Gandhi, the son of Indira Gandhi. Most of the area is hilly and reaches to the maximum height of 400 metres. The park’s splendor gets doubled with the presence of Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake.

Since most of the city’s pollution is purified by this park, it is acclaimed to be the lungs of Mumbai. The bustling forest of the park is abode to almost 800 species of flowering plants, 284 species of birds, 5,000 species of insects, 36 types of mammals, 50 kinds of reptiles and 150 species of butterfly. It also has numerous endangered species of plants and animals. It has the distinction of comprising Atlas moth, which was discovered here and known to be the world’s largest moth.

Animals and reptiles like Spotted Deer, Rhesus Macaque, Bonnet Macaque, Black Naped Hare, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Palm Civet, Mouse Deer, Hanuman Langur, Indian Flying Fox, Sambhar, Crocodiles, Pythons, Cobras, Monitor Lizards, Russell’s viper, Bamboo Pit Viper, Ceylonese Cat Snake etc thrive in its forests. Toy Train, called Vanrani, makes the special attraction for both children and adults in the park. Rock climbing is another sport activity that is booming in the region.

Flora Fountain

Location: Fort business district, South Mumbai
Built in: 1864
How to Reach: One can easily reach Flora Fountain by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Inspired from Flora – the Roman Goddess of Flowers, Flora Fountain is a stone fountain in South Mumbai. Located in the Fort business district, the splendid fountain was built in 1864. It was constructed by the Agri-Horticultural society of Western India and was carefully designed by R. Norman Shaw. Crafted out of imported Portland stone, Flora Fountain was erected at a total sum of Rs. 47,000.

Today, this magnificent fountain has been coated with white oil paint. Initially, it was intended to be named after Sir Bartle Frère, who was the governor of Bombay at the time of its construction. Nonetheless, it was decided to change the name just before to its inauguration. Situated almost in the center of South Mumbai, Flora Fountain is sited just at the place where stood the original Churchgate of Bombay Fort.

In 1960, the square where the fountain stands, was formally christened as Hutatma Chowk or Martyr’s Square. Flora Fountain has been declared as a heritage structure that continues to soothe the passers-by with its spray of water. Encircled by imperial colonial buildings, the fountain still depicts the royal times. In short and snappy terms, Flora Fountain is city’s famous landmark that definitely deserves a visit.

Kamala Nehru Park

Location: Malabar Hill, Mumbai
Attractions: Shoe-shaped structure, lush greenery
How to Reach: One can easily reach Kamala Nehru Park by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Perched on the top of Malabar Hill, Kamala Nehru Park is essentially a vantage point that presents a panoramic view of the glittering city – Mumbai. It extends to 3,300 sq m in the most luxurious and posh residential area of the Bollywood city of India. The park was christened after Kamla Nehru, who was the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. The park is a pleasant place with foliage all around and well-maintained green lawns.

Apart from the striking shoe-shaped structure, it has little to brag of regarding amusement. However, on the whole, Kamla Nehru Park is a nice place to spend sometime away from the hustling city. In fact, you might have seen this shoe-shaped structure in Hindi movies. As said, this structure has been inspired by the nursery rhyme ‘There was an old woman’. Frequently visited by schoolchildren, Kamla Nehru Park is amongst the favorite hangouts of kids.

You can drop in here any day of the week, between 05:00 hrs and 21:00 hrs. Being sited at height, the area is comparatively cool and less sultry, as regards the city. From different points in the garden, you can glimpse the spectacular sights of the city, including Chowpatty Beach and the scintillating Marine Drive that appears like shining Queen’s Necklace. In concise terms, Kamala Nehru Park offers a green retreat to the people of Bombay.

Horniman Circle Gardens

Location: Fort District, South Mumbai
Attractions: Well laid-out walkways
How to Reach: One can easily reach Horniman Circle Gardens by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

In South Mumbai, Horniman Circle Gardens represent a green territory amidst the soaring buildings. This large park sprawls in an area of 10,101 sq m, in the Fort district. It is encircled by the office complexes lodging the leading banks of India. Horniman Circle Garden overlooks the prominent landmark of the city, the Asiatic Society of Bombay. Designed on the lines of London’s Park Crescent, the garden has a neoclassical porch, with a small park, well planned walkways and rows of trees.

This area was called Bombay Greens till the 18th century. Intended to be a large town square, with impressive structures, in the heart of the walled city, Bombay Greens was renamed Elphinstone Circle after Lord Elphinstone, the Governor in those times. As per the chronological accounts, the region became a landfill of coconut shells and garbage by the year 1842. Thanks to Charles Forjett, a Police Commissioner, he thought of renovating the greens into a circle bounded by buildings.

Lord Elphinstone and Sir Bartle Frère, the Governors, supported the idea of Charles. In 1869, the restoration work was started and it was completed in 1872. The garden was festooned by an ornamental fountain that was located in its heart. Later, deco iron pipes design, a piece of modern art replaced the fountain. After country’s independence in 1947, the area was christened Horniman Circle Gardens after Benjamin Horniman, who was a pro-freedom editor of the ‘Bombay Chronicle’.

In the pre-independence era, the garden was a preferred hangout of the Parsi community. Every evening, a band used to perform there. One of the most dynamic urban design settlements in Mumbai, Horniman Circle gardens has numerous novel structures from the British Colonial period. Nowadays, the laudable works of restoration by Horniman Circle Garden Trust and Horniman Circle Association are maintaining this vestige of the former times.

Hanging Gardens

Location: Malabar Hills, Mumbai
Attractions: Hedges crafted in shapes of animals
How to Reach: One can easily reach Hanging Gardens by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens serves as a picturesque retreat for the people of Mumbai. Suspended over Malabar Hills, the garden presents a picturesque vista of the dazzling city. It is actually a terraced garden that sprawls on the slope of the hill. Perhaps this is the reason of its being named as the Hanging Gardens. The garden is located on the western side of the hills, opposite the renowned Kamala Nehru Park.

The main attraction regarding this garden is that offers a lovely view of the sunset across the horizon of the Arabian Sea. Another interesting feature comprises of its several hedges that have been fashioned into different shapes of animals. Besides the above-mentioned features, you can see a striking flower clock in the middle of the garden. In 1881, Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens was laid out over the main reservoir of the Bombay city of India.

It was named after Ferozeshah Mehta, who was a famous barrister of the former times. This garden is a nice place to go for a stroll in the morning or evening, when soothing breeze cuddles everyone in its gentleness. Hanging Gardens is certainly a beautiful park, where one can spend time in quietude and calmness, away from the crowded city. On your tip to Mumbai, do take out some time and visit this green belt that offers spectacular views, over and above peace.

Wankhede Stadium

Location: Churchgate, Mumbai
Established in: 1975
Seating Capacity: 45,000
Owner: Mumbai Cricket Association
How to Reach: One can easily reach Wankhede Stadium by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Wankhede Stadium is a cricket stadium that was established in 1975. Nobody knew that a dispute between the Cricket Club of India (CCI) and Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) would result into the largest cricket stadium in Mumbai. In 1973, a dispute over ticket allocations cropped up, after the test match between India and England. It became so severe that S.K. Wankhede (a politician and the Secretary of MCA) instantly took the decision of making a new stadium at Churchgate in South Mumbai (or Bombay).

Nowadays, Wankhede Stadium has ousted Brabourne Stadium in all respects. It has become the main cricket venue in the city and always stands in competition to host an international match in India. With a seating capacity of 45,000 spectators, the coliseum tenders a spectacular sight of cricket. The sports ground has been testimony to the great innings, for instance Gavaskar’s 205 and Kallicharan’s 187 in the 1978-79 series.

It is the same stadium, which offered the grounds to the laudable events like Ian Botham’s century, thirteen wickets in the Jubilee Test and the win of England by ten wickets in 1980. Vinod Kambli is the highest scorer amongst Indian players, with 224 runs at the stadium, while Ravi Shastri had six sixes in an over on this ground in 1984-85. Its fine cricket pitch has been the favorite of spinners with its pace friendly track.

Being close to the sea, the ground proffers spin and bounce to the spinners and swing to fast bowlers. In 1995, Wankhede Stadium was upgraded with lights, to host day and night matches. Subsequently, it made the venue for an India-Australia match in the 1996 Cricket World Cup. The coliseum has been assigned to host the finals of 2011 Cricket World Cup; due to this it would undertake a major renovation.

Brabourne Stadium

Location: Churchgate, South Mumbai
Established in: 1937
Seating Capacity: 20,000
Owner: Cricket Club of India
How to Reach: One can easily reach Brabourne Stadium by boarding buses or trains, or by hiring autos or taxis from the city.

Brabourne Stadium is a cricket ground owned by the Cricket Club of India (CCI). Located in the bustling city of Mumbai, the stadium had been the host of the test matches from 1948 to 1972. Apart from the test matches, it made the venue for the Bombay Pentangular matches too. Subsequent to the argument between CCI and the Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) in the early 1970′s, Brabourne Stadium didn’t make the arena for international matches.

The stadium is to be found near Churchgate railway station in South Mumbai. It also comprises the headquarters of the BCCI, which is the governing body of Indian cricket. The coliseum happens to be on a piece of land that has been reclaimed from the sea. It was offered to the Cricket Club of India by Lord Brabourne, who was the Governor of Mumbai (or Bombay) in those times. He himself laid the foundation stone of the stadium on May 22, 1936.

On December 7, 1937, Brabourne Stadium was officially opened by Sir Lawrence Roger Lumley – the then Governor of Bombay. The stadium was named after Lord Brabourne, as recommended by the Maharaja of Patiala. Initially, the stadium was projected to have pavilion, tennis courts and a swimming pool, while providing sheltered accommodation for 35,000 spectators. In October 1937, the stadium, under construction, hosted its first match between CCI and the Spencer Cup XI.

During its peak period, Brabourne Stadium offered its grounds for at least seventeen test matches. Between 1938 and 1973, it saw sixteen finals that deserved Ranjit Trophy. The remarkable innings played at the coliseum are Denis Compton’s 249 for Holkar in the finals of 1944-45 and Ajit Wadekar’s triple century in 1966-67. Though the stadium has lost its patina, the faded grandeur still persists in the air.

Brabourne Stadium, once again, hosted the sporadic first-class match of 1997-98, where Sachin Tendulkar made the first double century of his career. The stadium is counted amongst the four grounds, which made the venue for 2006 ICC Champions Trophy. Almost after 11 years, the sports arena felt proud when the International Cricket revisited its ground in the sixth match of the qualifying round.